Superb Skin Airbrush Technique

November 13, 2021

Airbrush skin like a pro. In this Photoshop retouching tutorial, you'll learn how to retouch skin like the professionals. Find out how to make skin look healthy without looking plastic or blurred.

Sample PSD (Photoshop Document)

Airbrushing Skin Photoshop Tutorial

Step 1

Open the photo into Photoshop. For this tutorial, try to use a high resolution image where you can see the skin texture.

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Step 2

Create a duplicate layer and put it into a group. To do this, press Ctrl+J to duplicate the layer then Ctrl+G to place the new layer into a group. Name the group "Airbrush" and the layer "Blur". To retouch the skin, there will be two layers in the Airbrush group. The first layer we've created (the Blur layer) will be used to blur the skin. After that, we'll add another layer to restore the natural skin texture.

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Step 3

Have the Blur layer selected. To blur this layer, use the Surface Blur filter. This filter blurs like the Gaussian Blur filter except it can retain edge detail. We'll need to blur the layer so that the skin is smoothed and somewhat blurry without having the edges

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Here's what my image looks looks like after the Surface Blur filter. Your image should look similar with details such as the eye intact. If the eye becomes blurry, your settings are too strong. Undo and redo the Surface Blur filter with a lower setting.

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Step 4

Create a new layer and move it above the Blur layer. Name this layer "Texture" and change the blend mode to Hard Light. This layer, as the name states, will be used to add a slight texture to the skin and also adjust the skin tonality.

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The texture created in this layer will contribute to the final results very minimally - the difference can only be easily seen zoomed in on high resolution images and varies from image to image. Even though the result is very minimal, it ensures that no area of the skin looks too smooth or plastic.

Below is an example of this. On the left, the image looks like a solid color, also known as plastic skin. The image on the right has a slight noise pattern to make the skin look more realistic.

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Step 5

Make sure that you have the "Texture" layer selected. With that layer selected, press Shift+F5 or choose Edit > Fill. In the Fill tool, set the settings according to the image below. This will fill your layer with a 50% gray color.

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Step 6

Open the Add Noise filter from the Filter > Noise menu. Enter in the settings shown in the image below. This will add some noise to the image that will prevent skin from looking plastic. It may look a little too sharp, but in the next step, we'll fix this with a Gaussian Blur filter.

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Step 7

Choose Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur. Blur the layer by 1 pixel.

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Step 8

Now we'll temporarily tint the color of this layer. First, select the Eye Dropper tool from the toolbar. Sample an area on the skin that appears to be the average skin color. You don't have to be very precise because we will tune the color later in the tutorial. In the Color palette, click on the flyout menu below the close window button and select HSB sliders. We'll need to see the HSB values for the next step.

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Step 9

Open the Hue/Saturation tool by pressing Ctrl+U or choosing Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation. Check the Colorize option and adjust the hue, saturation, and lightness values to match the HSB values from the color we sampled in the previous step. For the brightness, set this to

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Step 10

Select the Airbrush group in the Layers palette and add go to Layer > Layer Mask > Hide All. This will create a layer mask filled with the color black that will hide the group. With this layer mask, we'll paint the areas were we want the skin to appear. Otherwise, this skin airbrushing effect will appear on the entire image.

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Step 11

First, press D on your keyboard to set the foreground and background colors to the default black and white. Select the Brush tool and apply the settings below.

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Zoom in to 100% and paint over the skin. The parts that you paint will appear smoother with a different skin tone. Don't worry if the skin tone doesn't look correct. This is because we didn't pick the correct color when we used the Hue/Saturation to tint the "Texture" layer. It's too difficult to do that without a preview, so we'll fix that later.

When painting, you'll need to change the brush size and hardness frequently. It would be tedious to always access the brush option menu to do this so take this as an opportunity to use hot keys. Use the following hot keys to help you with modifying the brush size and hardness:

  • Decrease brush size: [
  • Increase brush size: ]
  • Decrease brush softness by 25%: Shift + [
  • Increase brush softness by 25%: Shift + ]
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When you're done, your layer mask should have the skin areas in white and the skin should look smooth.

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Step 12

Now we're going to fix back the color and tone of the skin as we mentioned earlier in the tutorial. Select the "Texture" layer and press Ctrl+U to access the Hue/Saturation tool. Alter the settings to get a natural looking skin tone.

  • The Hue setting is usually correct. I increased it by 10 to add more yellow to it to make the appearance of the red areas less visible.
  • The Saturation setting usually needs to be reduced greatly. Adjust this until the skin tone looks natural but not too pale.
  • The Lightness setting requires slight modification. A slight change in the lightness will create big difference in how the skin blends in with the image. As you adjust the setting, you will see how sensitive this setting is. Even though it requires high precision, it is easy to tell when it is the correct setting. If it is off, it will look really off. If it is at the correct setting, it will look a lot more natural.
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Step 13

Finally, we're going to restore the skin details. Choose Image > Apply Image. Use the settings below.

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The reason why we're applying data from the Red channel is because it contains the least skin imperfections. The image below shows the difference in the channels. The red channel hides many of the skin imperfections that are visible in the green and blue channel.

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Final Results

Here's the final results after applying this airbrushing technique. In the image below, you can see how smooth the skin looks. Because the image below has been downsized to fit into this tutorial, it may look slightly plastic. However, when zoomed in, the texture is clearly visible.

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This is a crop of an area zoomed in 100%. The tiny skin bumps are still visible. Even near the bottom right of the image, it still looks natural because of the "Texture" layer that we added. Without that layer, that area would appear as a solid color with no noise.

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And as usual, here are the before and after images.

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Update: Here's a video on retouching skin in Photoshop. It's a completely different tutorial than this one but I highly recommend you watch it.

Skin Retouching Photoshop Actions

Update 2: I highly recommend you try these skin retouching actions - they're the best actions you can get. To use, simply play the action then paint over the skin. You can airbrush skin, mattify skin, restore blown-highlights, and more. Highly recommended. The Pro version includes additional actions.

Update 3: If you're looking for something basic, download these Frequency Separation Photoshop actions. They're made a similar frequency separation technique shown in this tutorial and can autoretouch your photo using Photoshop's face detection technology. The Pro version works with 16 and 32-bit photos and lets you apply both modern and traditional frequency separation. Don't know what modern/traditional frequency separation is? Read below.

What is Modern vs Traditional Frequency Separation?

One of the techniques that you learned in this tutorial is Modern Frequency Separation. This is done using Photoshop's Surface Blur filter which gives more natural results. With Traditional Frequency Separation, the Gaussian Blur filter is used instead of Surface Blur. This gives a softer and more diffused look. It's also less natural-looking so I recommend using it with caution especially on portraits with wrinkly skin.

See this image from Denny's Tips as an example:

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306 comments on “Superb Skin Airbrush Technique”

  1. Hey, does this work with photoshop 7?
    If not, can you please post a tutorial for photoshop 7 cause im training right now and need to only use photoshop 7!

  2. I absolutely love this Tut. The step by step is so darn easy to follow its hard to believe its not basic. I have tried this on all my pics and the results have been the same.. Dynamic. Im not sure who did the tuts on the other techniques.. but so far this has been the only one I can completely follow. Awesome. Thank you...

  3. Of course this tutorial has some advance technics to learn but to be honest, ever sins this tutorial has been made, there are so many other ways in photoshop as well as in other software, which in my opinion are damn easy to follow especially for the beginners.

  4. Had trouble with this. Followed all steps, but it looks worse than it was before. I don't see that any airbrush effect has been applied at all. Working on a dark skin model, but I don't think that should matter.

    It seems like there is a missing step here. Are you supposed to merge the group layers for the effect to complete?

    Please reply, and I can send a screenshot of my layer setup etc. I'm confident I've followed all the steps to the "T".

    thanks,

    j

  5. a great Tutorial!

    Ty, very very much for the Tutorial.
    To all those who complained. This is not a guide to teach
    you Photoshop, how to select correct layers, tools etc.pp.
    The description is excellent and if you take your time to
    work it through step by step you will get an endresult not
    less impressive then the one shown here.
    However if you have not the basic knowledge of the programm
    to be able to follow this tutorial I'd friendly advise you
    to start with something easier.

    My compliments to the author - you did a great job and
    helped me a lot

  6. best skin tone correction method I have found. This method also works great with darker skin tones as well.

  7. My girlfriend will love this tutorial, she's a freak when it comes to photos. Thanks a lot for allowing me to make her happy.

  8. I can't seem to get the color to change on the texture layer?? I'm using Photoshop CS4 any suggestions??

  9. I did this, and i will admit that i'm an amateur (going to college in the fall for design), but in the end, the skin looked muddy, and dirty. I don't know what I did wrong, but it looks horrible!

  10. thanks fron the best tutorial of smooth skin design, i have
    searched alot to find , fortunatuly i found your site.

    thanks alot.

  11. Step 9 was imcomplete. It ends with 'For the brightness, set this to......and then it ends.
    Any help here?

  12. Nice tutorial! But I changed some effects like instead of MULTIPLY, I used EXCLUSION. I think it's better at my photo. But thanks for it, I had knew knowledge about editing picture 🙂

  13. The steps you have are good for someone starting out and wanting to have a starting point to work with and or the basics to work with..
    Personally I attack the major pimples and blemishes directly keeping the skin
    very natural then you can lightly some what use this process OVER processing has its place if that it the artistic direction for the finished product.

    SO for that I would say congrats on helping someone with another tool trick for the box..

    But I would have adding a few more steps to that could have allowed you to stomp down the effect some what and gave the skin a more natural feel..
    BUT that is my opinion

    I still say congrats on your pointers

  14. Phenomenal work! Thank you so much for sharing this, was just wondering how do people get such effects!

    Thanks again!~

  15. Someone please help, at step 11 it does not say which layer to be on when you start painting or anything about using the history brush. If I were going to use the history brush to make the texture appear on the full photo where her skin is I would have to put the full photo on top of the texture somehow so that the texture would be "history". This step is very confusing. It says just start painting and I've tried all the different ways to start from the last step and nothing has worked. Something is missing!

  16. A little too soft or glowing for my liking but great job explaining all the steps, the is a very flexible technique and now I have some new ideas to try to add to my own personal skin softening techniques!

  17. thanks nice tutorial but she look little over makeup at last .. i think need to adjust levels to make it look real ..

  18. great tutorial, other tuts only use mask and gaussian blur or median blur, and I was not satisfied with those. But this tut is really good when add noise and apply red channel, the skin will be more true.
    Thank you for you time

  19. that's very interesting tut, I'm just confused about step 13, where you use Apply Image command to restore skin details with red channel. Is it applied to the group's layer mask by multiplying it with red channel or else?

    Please, let me know.
    thanks.

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